The moon is half full in the evening sky, setting around midnight, which means that it's been about a week since the lunar holidays of Rosh Hashanah and Eid. (The origin of the seven-day week may be related to the four phases of the moon.) Soon there will be more holidays. The tenth day of the Jewish month Tishri is Yom Kippur, the Day of Atonement, which begins at sundown on Friday, 17 September (55456/7). Last year, Stephen Colbert played my wife calling his "Atone Phone" on his show. Shame on you, Stephen, shame on you!
17 September is also the first Complementary Day of the French Republican Calendar. Since each Republican month had thirty days, and there are 365 and a fraction days in an average year, there are five or six days left over, which were called Complementary Days, or Sancolotides. Here are the names of the Complementary Days this year:
- 17 Sept.: Virtu (virtue)
- 18 Sept.: Génie (skill)
- 19 Sept.: Travail (work)
- 20 Sept.: l'Opinion (opinion)
- 21 Sept.: Récompenses (awards)
- 22 Sept.: Révolution (revolution)
Note that the sixth (sextile) day is a leap day, which occurs because there are 366 days in between this year's and last year's equinoxes. Those who use a fixed rule to determine leap years do not recognize that there is a leap day this year, and observe Wednesday, 22 September, as the first day of the year CCXIX (219) and of the month of Vendémiaire. Those who follow the original rule of equinoxes observe the new year on Thursday, 23 September, since the equinox occurs 3.435 hours, or 1.43 decimal hours, after apparent midnight in Paris on this day.
There should be a beautiful full moon this new year!
Decadi 30 Fructidor an CCXVIII à 4hd 85md t.m.P.